Government of Bihar. Bihar shared a unique history among all the states in the country. World religions Buddhism and Jainism were born here, even as Hinduism thrived. It is the land where democracy was launched first. Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh guru was Born in Bihar too. Bihar is the state in which the world’s first university Nalanda was established. Bihar is not limited to this, it was in Bihar that Gandhiji first launched his Satyagraha movement against British rule. Bihar is a state that contracting a vast history of India with much sensitivity and awareness. It was the epic centre for both Buddhists and Jains. The landscape is dotted with monuments and sacred pilgrimage centres of both Dharma, while the Hindus have no less a number. Bihar is derived from the ancient word “VIHARA” (monastery) which shows its antiquity.